By: Janice Edwards
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There are many issues today surrounding the breed of the Miniature Schnauzer. This article was written by a fellow miniature schnauzer breeder, Janice Edwards of Music Makers Kennel. Please take the time to read this article, as it will answer some of your questions and will enlighten you to some shady practices that are misleading and deceiving those who are searching for a new puppy online.

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Today’s world is steadily becoming more and more twisted with people deceiving us and misrepresenting themselves to make a buck. I hope to properly address a few issues here that have weighed heavily on my mind.

The first issue is concerning the “teacup” schnauzer. The “teacup” schnauzer is registered as a Miniature Schnauzer by the AKC, because it is currently not accepted as part of the “standard” or requirements for show of the Miniature Schnauzer. Their tiny size is considered a fault by the American Miniature Schnauzer Club. That just means they don’t meet the qualifications for show (12 to 14 inches tall). This is true also of the “toy” schnauzer.

You may ask, “Where did the “teacup” and “toy” schnauzer come from?” The early schnauzer was the Standard Schnauzer. These dogs generally ranged in size between 30 and 50 pounds. Because they were slightly too large to do the job that they were bred for, which was seeking out and killing rats, breeders set out to accomplish breeding down the size. They did this by introducing toy size breeds to make a “miniature” schnauzer. Some of the known breeds used were: The Affenpincher, The Dutch Poodle, The Fox Terrier, and possibly The Pomeranian. Colors such as liver, liver and tan, Parti colors, black and silver, and white came from the introduction of these breeds into the Standard Schnauzer. This smaller version of the Standard Schnauzer became the Miniature Schnauzer, recognized as its own breed. By breeding smaller to smaller, the Miniature Schnauzer has continually become smaller and smaller. And thus the “toy” schnauzer and “teacup” schnauzer emerges. (References: The Complete Miniature Schnauzer by Anne Paramoure Eskrigge and Miniature Schnauzers Today by Peter Newman)

Just a note to those of you looking for a “teacup” schnauzer puppy. I am an experienced breeder of 36 years. I have had an instrumental part in developing a quality “toy” and “teacup” schnauzer. I have been producing “teacup” schnauzers for the last 11 years, since 1999 and “toy” schnauzers for the last 16 years since 1994. This is longer than 99% of all the “toy” and “teacup” breeders around. A teacup schnauzer cannot fit into a teacup. Usually by the time they are 3 weeks old or sooner, they are hanging out of a teacup. It is an exaggeration of the truth, and unethical for a breeder to show a schnauzer puppy in a teacup and tell you that you are looking at a teacup schnauzer. One breeder (who has only been producing toys for 2 years) has put out a video and placed a picture on her web site of a puppy in a teacup. These pictures insinuate that the puppies in the picture are teacup schnauzer puppies.

This breeder also insinuates that your puppy should fit in a teacup if it truly is a teacup. The video is of a newborn puppy whose eyes are not even open. The puppy practically fills the teacup. There is ABSOLUTELY NO WAY anyone can know if this puppy will be a teacup or not. Teacup puppies mature at approximately 3 to 6 pounds when grown at 7 months old. The smallest teacup (3 lbs) cannot fit in a teacup. Teacups ARE NOT 7 or 8 pounds at maturity, as some breeders put on their web sites. These breeders may not be able to produce a teacup on a regular basis so they have extended the weight limits to include 7 and 8 pound dogs and charge teacup prices for them.

Teacup puppies do not come out of Champion dogs. It has taken many years to breed down the size of the Miniature Schnauzer. A Champion Schnauzer weighs between 14 and 18 pounds in most cases. They have to stand 12 to 14 inches tall (AMSC and AKC requirement for show). If they were to have a tiny puppy, the chances are it would be a runt. Runts are unhealthy puppies. They are not tiny because of genetics. They are tiny because of a birth defect. So BUYERS BEWARE of the breeder that brags about Champion blood lines in their teacup puppies. Another sale tactic is to claim that the dam or mother of a litter of teacup puppies weigh under 6 pounds. A teacup size female either cannot have pups or will have great difficulty and 95% chance of a C-section. I personally have two teacup girls (10 and 7 years of age) as my house pets that weigh 3 and 4 pounds. Neither of these girls can even breed naturally. The male cannot penetrate them. If they were to get pregnant, they would not be able to carry the pups. Do you want to buy a puppy from a breeder that lies about the size of their breeding dogs? Breeders want you to believe, because the mom and dad of the pups are teacup size, the puppies have to be teacup when they are mature. This thinking is wrong. A Miniature Schnauzer in the toy or teacup size can throw toy and miniature size puppies in every litter. Sometimes the whole litter will be miniatures. In the book, Meisen Breeding Manual by Hilda Meisenzahl, the gene that carries the small characteristic is a recessive gene. That means that it will not become a dominant trait in a puppy unless it is combined with the same recessive gene from the other breeding mate. Tiny sizes are more rare than the larger sizes, even in toy breedings. The large gene is dominant. There is only a 20% chance there will be a teacup puppy born in any planned litter. Breeders are being deceitful if they are claiming to know the mature size of a puppy right after they are born. We cannot ever know if a newborn or even a puppy under 3 weeks of age is going to be a teacup or not. To assure a buyer of this is unethical.

Thank you for hearing me out,
Janice Edwards Of Music Maker’s Kennel

Please – ┬áno copying or reproducing without permission.

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